Fix rpmdb: Thread died in Berkeley DB library

July 22nd, 2021 | by chase

Symptoms

If you see rpmdb errors during package management (during yum/rpm operations), like this:

rpmdb: Thread/process 277623/140429100390144 failed: Thread died in Berkeley DB library
error: db3 error(-30974) from dbenv->failchk: DB_RUNRECOVERY: Fatal error, run database recovery
error: cannot open Packages index using db3 -  (-30974)
error: cannot open Packages database in /var/lib/rpm
CRITICAL:yum.verbose.cli.yumcompletets:Yum Error: Error: rpmdb open failed

It means that the RPM database is corrupted.

A similar error can be triggered in LVE Manager Installation Wizard

 Solution

Please follow these steps to backup and rebuild the rpmdb database:

mkdir /var/lib/rpm/backup
cp -a /var/lib/rpm/__db* /var/lib/rpm/backup/
rm -f /var/lib/rpm/__db.[0-9][0-9]*
rpm --quiet -qa
rpm --rebuilddb
yum clean all

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